Indian American charged with selling B-2 secrets to
Honolulu, November 10, 2006
An India-born engineer in Maui, Hawaii, who worked on the B-2 stealth bomber has been charged with selling
military secrets to help China build a stealth cruise missile.
Government attorneys claimed Noshir Gowadia, 62, a naturalised American citizen from India, conspired to sell
stealth secrets to China.
A federal grand jury has upgraded a former indictment against Gowadia, originally charged with selling
information involving the B-2 aircraft. He now additionally faces charges of assisting China with designing
and testing an exhaust system nozzle that protects a cruise missile from detection, according
the Hawaiian channel KITV4
China 'pushed diplomat to reveal secrets',Suicide notes
supportclaimof honey trap
A Japanese diplomat posted in Shanghai whocommittedsuicide in May 2004 was pressured to divulge secrets to Chineseintelligenceofficers, according to suicide notes obtained by The YomiuriShimbun onThursday.
According to the suicide notes, the 46-year-old official was pressed torevealthe backgrounds of Japanese Consulate General officials in Shanghai andthenames of their local contacts.
The notes detail the elaborate and persistent tactics adopted by theChineseauthorities. Along with the notes, the Japanese government also has initspossession a document written in Chinese that is believed to have been usedbyChinese authorities to put pressure on the diplomat.
The suicide notes and the document apparently contradict Beijing's claim thatithad nothing to do with the diplomat's suicide and support Japanese claimsthatChina violated the Vienna Convention.
The diplomat was in charge of communications between the consulate andtheForeign Ministry in Tokyo. He reportedly left five suicide notes to theconsulgeneral in Shanghai, his family and colleagues. All the notes had beentyped ona personal computer.
In a five-page letter to the consul general, the diplomat itemizedthebackground of the incidents leading up to his suicide, from the moment hewasapproached by a Chinese man until his decision to kill himself. The end ofthenote is signed and dated May 5, 2004.
According to the note, in June 2003, Chinese intelligence officers detainedawoman working at a karaoke bar with whom the diplomat was having arelationshipon suspicion of prostitution. The woman was released without chargeand thenpersuaded to act as a liaison with the diplomat.
Fearing his relationship with the woman would be revealed, the diplomat metwithChinese authorities--a man who identified himself as a captain of apublicsafety squad and a female interpreter--from December of that year.
Initially, the conversations did not include sensitive topics,
butthischanged when a document written in Chinese was mailed to
thediplomat'sresidence on Feb. 20, 2004.
The document was from a man claiming to be an official of the ChineseStateSecurity Ministry, which monitors espionage activities by foreignagents.
The person asked for a meeting with one of three officials at theShanghaiconsulate--the diplomat, the consul general or the chief consul. Thedocumentincluded a cell phone number and instructed the diplomat to call thenumberusing a pay phone between 7 p.m. and 8 p.m. each Friday or Sunday.
The diplomat contacted the captain of the public safety squad to discuss whattodo. About two weeks later, the diplomat was told, "The perpetrator [oftheletter] has been arrested," meaning that the problem was solved.
The diplomat wrote in his suicide note that he realized at that time thewholesituation had been created by the captain to set him up.
After the incident, the captain's attitude toward the diplomat changed. OnMay2, shortly after the diplomat's transfer to Sakhalin island was decided,thecaptain questioned him and said, "Why didn't you tell me?"
Showing the diplomat a list of all the staff at the consulate,
thecaptainpressed him to reveal each staff member's career background. He
thenthreatenedthe diplomat for information, saying: "You're a
telecommunicationsofficer. Iknow all the reports are sent through you. Give me
the names ofChinese peopleconsulate officials have met."
In the end, the man told him: "What will you bring next time you see me?Theseare things we're interested in. You know what they are."
After about three hours of intimidation, the diplomat gave in and agreedtocooperate. The two agreed to meet again on May 6 at 7 p.m.
After the meeting, the diplomat realized he would be asked about theconsulate'scryptographic system for sending coded messages. On May 5, the daybefore themeeting, the diplomat wrote his suicide notes. He killed himself themorning ofthe following day at a consulate building.
In the notes, the diplomat wrote, "When I think about the suffering Iwillexperience as a result of selling my country to the Chinese, I realize Ionlyhave this option."
"Unless I sell Japan out, it's unlikely I will be able to leave here. So Ihavechosen this path," he added.
Article 40 of the Vienna Convention requires receiving countries to takeallnecessary measures to ensure diplomats' freedom and physical protection.
The Yomiuri Shimbun(Mar. 31, 2006)
had to fake his death because the Chinese government wanted him andtheSecretService was trying to kill him
Sensitive Military Technology toChina- On July 1, 2004, agents from ICE, the FBI,and the Department ofCommercearrested seven individuals in New Jersey oncharges that they usedtheir twocompanies, Universal Technologies, Inc., andManten Electronics,Inc., toillegally export sensitive national-securitycontrolled items tostate-sponsoredinstitutes in China. According to thecomplaints, theindividuals were illegallyexporting millions of dollars worth ofitems thatare used in a wide variety ofdefense weapons systems, including smartweapons,radar, electronic warfare andcommunications systems. The US AttorneyinCamden, New Jersey, is prosecutingthe case.
US Fighter Jet to Colombia in Plot to Assassinate Drug Baron - OnJune29,2004, veteran British mercenary and longtime fugitive DavidTomkins,64,pleaded guilty in Miami to federal charges of violating the ArmsExportControlAct. ICE agents had arrested Tomkins on August 31, 2003 upon hisarrivalinHouston on a flight from London. Tomkins had been charged in Miami in1994inconnection with a scheme to buy an A-37 fighter jet from undercoverICEagentsin 1991. At the time, Tomkins intended to use the fighter jet tobombaColombian prison that housed Pablo Escobar, the then-chiefofColombia痴Medellin drug cartel. Tomkins was being paid millions toassassinateEscobar bythe rival Cali drug cartel in Colombia. Tomkins fled theUnitedStates prior tohis 1994 indictment, after being tipped off to theICEinvestigation by unknownparties. He remained a fugitive until his arrestin2003.
US Fighter Jet Components to
China-OnJune 24, 2004, Ziad Jamil Gammoh, a Jordanian national, pleaded
guiltytoafour-count federal indictment in Los Angeles, charging one
countofconspiracyand three counts of violating the Arms Export Control
Act.Gammoh,and anotherindividual, Amanullah Khan, a Pakistani national,
werearrested byICE agentsin July 2003. The indictment alleged that the pair
engagedin a plottoillegally export to China components for F-4 and F-5 US
militaryfighterjets.According to the indictment, Gammoh operated United
Aircraft&Electronics,a business in Anaheim, Calif. that purchased and
resoldmilitaryaircraft partsto foreign commercial and government buyers
Military Night Vision Technology toChina - On June 3, 2004, the US Attorney
fortheNorthern District ofCalifornia announced that two individuals (Philip
ChengandMartin Shih) and aSan Jose company (Night Vision Technology) were
indictedby afederal grandjury for illegally brokering the sale of
militaryandcommercial-grade nightvision technology to China. Court documents in
thecasealleged that the pairhad entered into a contract with the Chinese
militarytoproduce technology fornight vision equipment in China. The defendants
werealsocharged with moneylaundering and other export violations. The
chargesresultedfrom an extensiveinvestigation by agents from ICE, the FBI, the
IRS,and theDepartment ofCommerce.
Military Helicopter Engines and Night Vision Technology to China - On May 10, 2004, federal prosecutorsinNewHaven, Conn., unsealed an indictment charging two SouthKoreannationals,Kwonhwan Park and Sun-Ryual Chun, with illegally exportingmilitaryhelicopterengines and thermal imaging technology to China. ICE agentsarrestedPark atDulles International Airport in Virginia on April 1, 2004 asheattempted toboard a plane bound for China with military night visionequipmentin hisluggage. Chun remains a fugitive. ICE agents in New Havenhadbeeninvestigating Park for two years after his Malaysian firm boughttwomilitaryhelicopter engines from a US firm and illegally exported them toChina.He thenattempted to buy four more such engines from a US manufacturer,whichnotifiedICE agents. ICE and Defense Criminal Investigative Serviceagentstracked Parkas he entered the United States in March 2004 and arrestedhim ashe attemptedto depart with night vision technology.
Military Satellite and Radar Technology toChina - On May 6, 2004, ICE agents in LosAngelesarrested John Chu, 44,of Pasadena, Calif., and Zhu Zhaoxin, 55, ofShenzhen,China, on charges ofconspiring to purchase US defense articles,includingsatellite and radartechnology, for illegal export to China. Thearrestsoccurred after the pairmet with undercover ICE agents in Boston and flewto LosAngeles withinoperable versions of the defense articles. According tocourtdocuments, thepair had been in negotiations with undercover ICE agentsinBoston since March2004 to purchase a variety of sensitive items,includingtraveling wave tubesthat are used in satellite and radar applications,forexport to China.
Missile Components to China -OnMarch12, 2004, ICE agents arrested two individuals in Orlando, Fla.,oncharges ofviolating the Export Administration Act, conspiracy, andfalsestatements.Ting-Ih Hsu, a naturalized US citizen and president ofAzureSystems, Inc, andHai Lin Nee, a Chinese citizen and an employee ofAzuresystems, were charged ina federal indictment with illegally exporting toChina25 low-noise amplifierchips that have applications in the US Hellfiremissile.According to theindictment, the defendants falsely labeled thesensitivetechnology in exportdocuments as 鍍ransistors・worth some $20. Ifconvicted,each could fact up to10 years in prison and $50,000 in fines. Hsu wasa formeremployee of defensecontractor Lockheed Martin. Nee formerly worked at aUSresearch institute thatdesigned software for military andwarfaresimulations.
Missile Components to China -OnMarch5, 2004, Zhan Gao, a well-known US human rights activist and scholarwhohadbeen jailed by Chinese authorities in 2001 for allegedly spying forTaiwan,wassentenced in the Eastern District of Virginia for illegallyexportingsensitiveUS technology with potential military applications to China.Thetechnologyexported by Gao could be used in missile guidance andairbornebattle managementsystems. Gao and her husband, Donghua Xue, pleadedguilty inNovember 2003 toillegal arms export and tax fraud violations. Gao andXueagreed to forfeitroughly $590,000 that they had received from China aspaymentfor the exports.The guilty pleas resulted from an extensive ICEinvestigationthat began in theFall of 2000. Gao ultimately received a sentenceof 15months, including 7months imprisonment followed by 8 monthscommunityconfinement.
Missile Technology to China -OnNov.18, 2003, ICE agents in Haverhill, Mass., arrested WilliamKovacs,thepresident of Elatec Technology Corporation (ETC). On Nov. 13, 2003,Kovacsandhis company ETC were indicted by a grand jury in Washington DCforconspiracy,aiding and abetting, and violations of the ExportAdministrationAct. An ICEinvestigation had determined that ETC had exported asophisticatedindustrialfurnace with potential missile applications to a firm inChina knownas ChineseGreat Wall. ETC had exported the furnace to China evenafter itsexport licensefor this shipment was denied by the CommerceDepartment.
Satellite Technology to China-OnMarch 4, 2003, Hughes Electronics Corp. and Boeing SatelliteSystems,Inc.entered into a civil settlement with the State Department inwhichthecompanies agreed to pay a $32 million fine, $8 million of which wouldgotoICE. The agreement settled charges that the firms hadillegallysharedsensitive satellite technology/know-how with China.
Missile Components to China -OnFeb.27, 2003, the US Attorney in Los Angeles announced threeseparateindictmentsin which five individuals and four US companies wereindicted forattempting toillegally export components for Hawk Missiles, TOWMissiles, AIM-9SidewinderMissiles, F-4 Phantom fighter jets, and F-14 Tomcatfighter jets.Many of thesecomponents were bound for China. The ICE undercoverinvestigationinto theseplots lasted roughly five years.
Military Encryption Devices toChina-On Oct. 18, 2002, the US Attorney in
Baltimore announced thattwoindividualshad been sentenced to jail terms for
conspiring to exportsensitivemilitaryencryption devices to China via Singapore.
The sale of thesesensitiveitemsrequires approval by the National Security
Agency. ICE agentsarrestedbothindividuals in August 2001.
The 39-year-old Ye, a longtime practitioner of Falun Gong, was thesubjectofa September 2004 report to security officials in China, where manysayfollowersof the ancient meditative practice have been persecuted.
The federal Conservatives and a national group representingFalunGongdevotees expressed concern about Ye's case Friday, citing it as aprimeexampleof Chinese government interference in Canadian affairs.
They accused the Liberals of failing to firmly voice Canada'soppositiontoharassment and spying by Beijing.
Yuan said he witnessed the work of the 1,000 spies defectingChinesediplomatChen Yonglin has spoken abou
Li Li is being held in custody after police raided her house onFridayandfound three computers and two hard drives containing data onValeo'sproducts.Prosecutors said the data included “confidential” cardesigns notyetbrought to market
3,500 Chinese spy companies identified in Canada and
The man looks and actslikeanyother Korean corner store owner - a hardworking newcomertoCanada.
You cannot tell byhissimpleappearance that he owns the building the store is in and that hehasjustbought a million dollar mansion in the posh BeaconsvilleareaofMontreal.
You also cannot tell that heisoneof North Korea's foremost spies in Eastern Canada who actually ownsalargecomputer business in Mapo, South Korea, that employshundredsofpeople.
In the highrise glasstowersofVancouver - Tricell (Canada) Inc. and Top Glory EnterprisesLtd.,bothincorporated in the late '80s work for the CommunistgovernmentofChina.
Among their jobs wastohelpfacilitate the covert entry of secret police into Vancouver byhoodwinkingtheCanadian government. The agents were hunting for highprofilefugitivebusinessman, Lai Changxing, who himself was recruited by theChinesemilitaryto spy on Taiwan.
The visitor visas fromthebogusbusiness delegation was endorsed by Chinas Ministry of TradeandEconomicCo-operation (MOFTEC) - one of the most powerful ministries intheChinesegovernment, responsible for such vital areas as negotiatingChina'sentry intothe World Trade Organization.
From the windows ofboththesefirms, which constantly invite "Chinese business delegations"toCanada,company officials can see the arrival and departure of shipsbelongingto themaritime behemoth - COSCO.
The shipping lineisintimatelylinked to the China International Trust and Investment Corp., akeyfundraiserfor the Chinese government and a technology-acquiring sourceforChinasmilitary.
Its vessels havebeencaughtcarrying thousands of weapons into California andChinesemissile-technologyand biological-warfare components into North Korea,Pakistan,Iraq and Iran,according to U.S. intelligence reports.
Insisting there is noevidencetoshow COSCO is involved in any illegal activity - the VancouverPortAuthorityhas a "gateway to North America" deal with theshippinggiant.
WhenCanada'sNortelTelecommunications based in Brampton, Ontario wanted to dobusiness inChina,they hired Katrina Leung's company - Merry GloryLtd.
Little did theyknowthat49-year-old corporate matchmaker would be in the limelight severalyearslateraccused of having have slept her way into the good graces of twoFBIagentswhile stealing secrets for the Chinese government.
Leung, who was paid $1.2millionin 1995 and 1996 for negotiating the Nortel-China deal, hasstrongconnectionsto Canada's Chinese business associations.
Around the same time,themodernday Matahari was greasing the way for Nortel, the Canadian spy agency-CSIS -was conducting an investigation in the offices of Ontario Hydroregardingthetheft of information in the nuclear technology field by "anindividualofChinese origin".
According to asecretintelligencereport obtained by The Asian Pacific Post, the individualsentunauthorizedfaxes, some containing hours worth of data, to a telephonenumberin the officesof the State Science and Technology CommissionofChina.
The report said that thereweretwoother cases where Canadian companies have alleged that their employeeshadbeenselling industrial secrets to China.
Like other ambitious youngmenwhobased their businesses in Hong Kong, James Ting was a citizen of theworld,anentrepreneur who constructed a universe of interrelated companiesandfinancesfrom Toronto to Tokyo to New York.
Ting was a darlingoftheChinese-Canadian trade lobby. Even the Prime Minister's OfficewebsitelistsTing's Semi-Tech, once ranked as the nations 10th largest employer,as amemberof Team Canada's business deals with China.
On the flip side, spywatcherswerewarning Ottawa without much success, that Ting was China'sfrontman toacquirehigh and medium technology and engage in economicandindustrialespionage.
Among thecompaniesSemi-Techshowed as part of its organization were several Chinesestate-ownedcompanies,related to military and intelligence activities obviouslyusing whatseemed tobe a Canadian consumer based company as cover.
Two months ago, afteravoidingaglobal manhunt while hiding in China, Ting surrendered to HongKongauthoritieswhere he is accused of serious financial crimes.
The mega-dealmaker,whostrippeddown companies in the west and to take their technology back totheeast, lefta trail of nearly $2 billion in debts and thousandswithoutjobs.
The cases listed are butasmallillustration of what the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) saidthisweekwas the greatest espionage threat to North America in the next 10 yearsto15years.
FBI Director RobertMuellertoldthe United States Congress that China has more
than 3,000 "front"companiesinAmerica whose real purpose is to direct espionage
efforts. Someofthethousands of Chinese visitors, students and business people
who gototheUnited States each year also have a government intelligence
"Left unchecked, suchasituationcould greatly undermine U.S. national security and U.S. militaryandeconomicadvantage," Mueller told Congress.
"They figured out thatwhattheywant is throughout the United States, not just embassies, notjustconsulates,"David Szady, FBI assistant director for counterintelligence,saidin apublished interview. "Its a major effort."
To meet this challenge, theFBIhastransferred 167 agents into counterintelligence and set upananti-espionageoperation for the first time in all 56 field offices. Eachisputting together acomprehensive survey of the potential espionage targetsintheir domain to givethe FBI its first broad national picture.
Preventive effortsincludeFBImeetings with corporate executives, university officials and otherstogaugevulnerabilities. It also means undercover work at conferences thatdrawforeignscientists and development of intelligence "assets" who describe foranFBIagent what the foreign government wants.
The FBI has madefightingespionagethe No. 2 priority behind stopping terrorism, with thesamephilosophy oftracking and stopping spies rather than waiting toprosecutethem.
Training has beenstrengthened,thecareer track resurrected and a cadre of intelligence analystsisbeingbuilt.
In Canada,intelligencereportsindicate the number of Chinese front companies to be between300and500.
But unlike theAmericans,Chinaexperts say the political climate in Ottawa is not conducive tocrackingdownon this significant threat.
"Virtually all therecentprimeministers and Paul Martin who is likely to be the next havestrongconnectionsto China on the personal, business and political fronts," saidanintelligenceanalyst specialising in East Asian affairs.
"They find itdifficulttounderstand this threat some just deny it," he said.
For former Canadianforeignserviceofficer Brian McAdam, this week's FBI warning reads like apassage outof areport he worked on for the Canadian spy agency.
McAdam workedon"ProjectSidewinder" which was conducted by the Canadian SecurityIntelligenceServiceand aided by the RCMP between 1994 and 1996.
The conclusions wereneverpubliclyreleased, until leaked to the media amidst allegations that"politicalinfluencenixed the project."
That study mirrors thisweek'sFBIassertions that China posed the most significant threattoCanada.
Sidewinder, analysts state,didnotpresent theories but indicators of a multifaceted threat tonationalsecurity.The report was generally ignored by the politicians. It wasahead ofitstime.
Among those whoseconnectionswereinvestigated were Macao casino king Stanley Ho, who hasextensiveinterests inCanada, and Li Ka-shing, one of the world's wealthiestmen, knownin Vancouverfor his purchase of the Expo lands and companies linkedto tycoonslike RobertKuok, Cheng Yu Tung and Henry Fok.
Sidewinder among otherthingssaidmany of the companies identified by the analysts have contributed"severaltensof thousands of dollars to the two traditional political parties,theLiberalsand the Conservatives."
A major financialandbrokeragehouse gave the Liberal party C$20,432.94 in 1994, a largepetroleumcompanyowned by a Beijing-friendly tycoon gave more than C$100,000 tothe sametwoparties and political donations were also made by a triad-runChinesefilmstudio.
At the time of thestudy,analystssaid at least 200 Canadian companies are under the direct orindirectcontrol ofChina.
The central point oftheChinesestrategy is first to buy a Canadian company to obtaina"localidentity".
Then, using thisacquisition,theChinese-Canadian company invests heavily under theCanadianbanner.
But control lies in HongKongorBeijing and the financial benefits or fruits of research, often paidforbyOttawa or the provinces, are likely to make their way to Asia.
OneChina-controlledmultinationalwith assets of more than US$23 billion, had spentmore than $500million buyingcompanies in the forest sector in B.C.,petrochemical firms inAlberta and realestate in central Canada.
It said that Triad orChinesemafiamembers are behind an international seafood processing companythat hasofficesin Vancouver, Calgary, Montreal and Mississauga. The companyisbelieved to be afront for importing heroin. In addition, company managershavemaintained regularcontacts with Chinese army officials and paid for visitsofChinesedelegations.
Sidewinder warned thattheChinesegovernment was taking advantage of growing business ties betweenChinaandCanada to provide cover for intelligence services.
One example cited saidacompanyowned by a Chinese-Canadian national sponsored what was ostensiblyaChinesebusiness delegation to Canada. In reality, the delegation wascomprisedofMinistry of State Security officials travelling to Canada toconductanintelligence operation.
Anothersimilardelegationcomprised officers from a sensitive sector of the People'sLiberationArmy, whowere attempting to make arrangements to purchasesecurecommunicationstechnology for military purposes.
The Canadian spy agencywhichwasat loggerheads with the RCMP over certain characterizations in thereportsaidthe Sidewinder study done by McAdam and others was revisedandcertaindocuments destroyed because they were based onunprovableconspiracytheories.
The spy agency laterissuedawatered-down version of the Sidewinder study to aselectgovernmentgroup.
The SecurityIntelligenceReviewCommittee, the civilian watchdog of Canada's spy agency, hasonce againbeenasked to review the handling of Sidewinder by CSIS.
"What is critical hereistocompare the FBI study with Sidewinder. What is being released toCongressiswhat we warned the Canadian government about in the mid-nineties,"McAdamtoldThe Asian Pacific Post.
"The stuff aboutinfluenceinuniversities, etc., was in Sidewinder... They did not want to listentousthen... maybe they will listen now."
Meanwhile, a report outofOttawathis week said that Prime Minister Jean Chretien is planning a triptoChina aspart of an international farewell tour.
"Taxpayers are footing thebillona trip that is going to do Canadians very little good. Do you thinkthere'sonebeef farmer in Canada, whether it's Ontario or Western Canada thatwantshim togo to China - unless he's trying to sell them beef. Why can't he gositdownwith the leader in Japan? That is the most important issue rightnow,"saidCanadian Alliance House leader John Reynolds, referring to theongoingcrisiscaused by the mad-cow disease.
Reynolds said if Chretienwantstowrap up his time in office conducting an international farewell tourto"saygoodbye to his friends," thats fine, but he should ask PaulMartin,hisanticipated successor, to fill in for him while he isaway.
Chretien is to attendtheannualAsia-Pacific Economic Co-operation meeting in Bangkok Oct. 17-21 aswellas theannual Commonwealth meeting in Nigeria in December.
But sources say heisseriouslyconsidering tacking on a trip to China and another one to Indiaafterhis APECmeeting in Thailand.
The prime minister'sofficesaidChretien may go to Shanghai at the recent request of the Chinesepresidenttoattend the opening of two Candu reactors.
The reactors, whichemploy450Canadians, were sold to China by Atomic Energy of Canada LtdafterOttawachanged legislation to provide Beijing with over $1.9billioninloans.
The office alsoconfirmedthatChretien is also considering an invitation to
meet withtheCanada-ChinaBusiness Council (CCBC) in Beijing.
SET UP SIX YEARS ago in part
toinvestigateanalleged Chinese plot to influence U.S. lawmakers, the task
forcehassincedisbanded: it was never able to prove the Chinese
governmentwasbehindmillions of dollars in suspect campaign contributions to
formerpresidentBillClinton and members of Congress during the 1990s. But
lastweek’s arrestofLos Angeles businesswoman Katrina Leung―an accused spy
whosecode namewasParlor Maid―has prompted an intense FBI review to
determineifshecompromised highly sensitive counterintelligence
Leung, sources say, was the task force’s chief source on primetargetTedSioeng, a suspected Chinese “agent of influence” whosefamilyandbusinesses contributed $250,000 to the Democratic Party in 1996andanadditional $100,000 to a California GOP Senate candidate. Leung andSioeng(whosat next to Al Gore at his Buddhist-temple fund-raiser that yearinLosAngeles) were “close friends,” one source says.
Task-force prosecutors hoped to use Leung to lure Sioeng back intotheUnitedStates in the spring of 1997. But the ruse failed―apparentlybecauseSioenggot suspicious―and the case collapsed. Now FBI officials want toknowifLeung sabotaged the probe and was actually protecting Sioeng.
If so, it was only one of many embarrassments flowing from the Leungaffair.Sheis already being touted as the “Mata Hari” of Chinese espionage.Ahighlycompensated FBI “asset” (she was paid $1.7 million for servicesandexpensessince 1983), Leung stands accused of purloining classifieddocumentsfrom thebriefcase of her bureau “handler,” ex-L.A. agent J. J.Smith, withwhom shewas having a long-term affair, and turning them overtotheChinese.
Leung was simultaneously having
sexualrelationswithanother FBI agent, William Cleveland, who resigned last week
as atopsecurityofficial at Lawrence Livermore Lab-oratories. Sources
tellnews-weekthat theFBI first suspected Leung in 1991, when she tipped off
herChinesehandler(code-named Mao) to a sensitive FBI “security survey”
ofU.S.diplomaticmissions in China. But Smith vouched for her, and the FBI
keptLeungon thepayroll. “I’m absolutely astounded they kept her as
asource,”saysex-agent I. C. Smith, who headed the 1991 survey. “This
strikesme asamonumental management failure.” Lawyers for Smith and Leung
saytheywillcontest the charges and argue that her real loyalties were
totheUnitedStates, not China, making her in effect