The United States and the Rise of Anti-Chinaism

By Stephan Richter | Thursday, November 01, 2007

Given China's rising defense budget and the ever-expanding U.S. trade deficit, expressing disgust with China is fast becoming a national sport in the United States. Stephan Richter explores the real reasons behind the increasingly broad-based movement of "anti-Chinaism" — and the very real pitfalls it entails for addressing the nation's larger reform agenda.

Most observers view the recent bout of rising anti-China sentiment in the United States as a direct reflection of worsening U.S. trade statistics. Since the numbers are not turning around, a culprit needs to be found. And this time, it’s not Japan — but China.

Others engage, seemingly more nobly, in an analysis of China’s democracy deficit — and see the country as being on the same path as early-20th century Germany when it pursued militarism instead of true democracy.

Chinese military hacked into Pentagon

The Chinese military hacked into a Pentagon computer network in June
in the most successful cyber attack on the US defence department, say American -officials.

The Pentagon acknowledged shutting down part of a computer system
serving the office of Robert Gates, defence secretary, but declined to say who it believed was behind the attack.

“The PLA has demonstrated the ability to conduct attacks that disable our system..
.and the ability in a conflict situation to re-enter and disrupt on a very large scale,”
said a former official, who said the PLA had penetrated?the?networks?of US defence companies and think-tanks.

China arming terrorists

Bill Gertz
June 15, 2007
New intelligence reveals China is covertly supplying large quantities of small arms and weapons to insurgents in Iraq and the Taliban militia in Afghanistan, through Iran.

U.S. government appeals to China to check some of the arms shipments in advance were met with stonewalling by Beijing, which insisted it knew nothing about the shipments and asked for additional intelligence on the transfers. The ploy has been used in the past by China to hide its arms-proliferation activities from the United States, according to U.S. officials with access to the intelligence reports.

Some arms were sent by aircraft directly from Chinese factories to Afghanistan and included large-caliber sniper rifles, millions of rounds of ammunition, rocket-propelled grenades and components for roadside bombs, as well as other small arms.

The Washington Times reported June 5 that Chinese-made HN-5 anti-aircraft missiles were being used by the Taliban.

According to the officials, the Iranians, in buying the arms, asked Chinese state-run suppliers to expedite the transfers and to remove serial numbers to prevent tracing their origin. China, for its part, offered to transport the weapons in order to prevent the weapons from being interdicted.

The weapons were described as "late-model" arms that have not been seen in the field before and were not left over from Saddam Hussein's rule in Iraq.

U.S. Army specialists suspect the weapons were transferred within the past three months.

The Bush administration has been trying to hide or downplay the intelligence reports to protect its pro-business policies toward China, and to continue to claim that China is helping the United States in the war on terrorism. U.S. officials have openly criticized Iran for the arms transfers but so far there has been no mention that China is a main supplier.

Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates said Wednesday that the flow of Iranian arms to Afghanistan is "fairly substantial" and that it is likely taking place with the help of the Iranian government.

Defense officials are upset that Chinese weapons are being used to kill Americans. "Americans are being killed by Chinese-supplied weapons, with the full knowledge and understanding of Beijing where these weapons are going," one official said.

The arms shipments show that the idea that China is helping the United States in the war on terrorism is "utter nonsense," the official said.

Chinese hackers seek U.S. access

By Jon Swartz, USA TODAY
SAN FRANCISCO ? The cyberattack of a U.S. military computer system has deepened concern about cyberspying
and the security of the Internet's infrastructure.
Chinese hackers were most likely behind an intrusion in November that disabled the Naval War College's network,
forcing it to disconnect from the Internet for several weeks, says Lt. Cmdr. Doug Gabos, a spokesman
for the Navy Cyber Defense Operations Command in Norfolk, Va.

Forensic analysis indicates the hackers may have sought information on war games in development at the naval
college, he said. The college was vulnerable because it did not have the latest security protections, Gabos said.

The November attack was part of an ongoing campaign by Chinese hackers to penetrate government computers.
The attacks often come in the form of "spear phishing," scams where attackers craft e-mail messages
that seem to originate from the recipient's organization in a ploy to gain unauthorized access to confidential data.

China is also using more traditional hacking methods, such as computer viruses and worms, but in sophisticated
ways, says Alan Paller, director of the security research organization SANS Institute.

State Dept. Probes Computer Attacks

By Robin Wright
Washington Post Staff Writer
Wednesday, July 12, 2006; Page A06

Hackers in China broke into the State Department's computer system in Washington and overseas
insearch of information, passwords and other data, the department said yesterday. The bureau that 
deals with China and North Korea was hit particularly hard, although the system penetrated contained
unclassified information, U.S. officials said.
"The department did detect anomalies in network traffic, and we feel it prudent to take measures to
ensure our system's integrity," said deputy spokesman Tom Casey. "I can confirm this is not a virus.
The department is continuing an investigation into the incident."

The break-in represented a "concerted effort" from hackers in East Asia to penetrate the State
Department and seize data, a senior official said. But no large-scale thefts have yet been detected.

The United States is not certain whether the hackers were government or individuals, although computer
traffic in China is heavily controlled and monitored by the government and can be censored. China is also
a leading suspect in a computer break-ins at the Pentagon and a variety of government agencies last year.

China's president arrives in U.S.

Protests planned
In the Seattle area, at least three groups planned to protest Hu's visit:
Taiwanese-Americans calling on China to let the island of Taiwan make its own decision about whether to rejoin the mainland;
Tibetans seeking independence for their homeland;
and practitioners of Falun Gong, a spiritual movement considered an "evil cult" by China's communist government.

Tuesday's protests followed those in Seattle on Monday,
when several hundred Falun Gong members marched through the city's downtown.
Practitioners gathered Tuesday near entrances at Microsoft headquarters.
They called for "investigation into death (labor) camps in China," where,
the protesters say, Falun Gong practitioners and other prisoners are killed and their organs are harvested.


The arrival ceremony for Hu Jintao
was interrupted by a woman from the banned Falun Gong religious movement.
She began shouting from a camera stand directly in front of President Bush and his guest.

“President Bush, stop him from killing,” she shouted.
“Stop persecuting the Falun Gong . . . President Hu, your days are numbered.
No more time for China’s ruling party.”
The incident took place immediately after Mr Bush urged President Hu to allow Chinese to “speak freely”.

Preventing a Nuclear-Armed Iran: Will China and Russia Help?

By the U.S. Senator Sam Brownback April 7, 2006 The Heritage Foundation
We forget that it was only in 1991 that our troops during the first Gulf war were actually killed by missiles.
A single SCUD missile hit a U.S. military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 28 of our soldiers and wounding 99.
Today, our capacity to shoot down even a relatively crude SCUD missile is not much improved from that time.
Our forces in Iraq and Korea--and the civilian populations they defend--have almost no means of protection
against Iranian or North Korean ballistic missiles armed with both chemical and conventional warheads.

With no missile defenses, an attack by North Korea on the Korean peninsula or Japan,
or Iran attacking Iraq or Israel, could result in tens or even hundreds of thousands of casualties.

We know for a fact that both Iran and North Korea have pursued an aggressive ballistic missile program and have been closely engaged with each other on their respective programs.

Two key countries that are sending the wrong signals are Russia and China.
Part of the problem over Iran is that it has effectively bought U.N. Security Council vetoes from China and very likely Russia.
Iran is reported to have signed deals valued at $100 billion or more with both of these countries and others.
Russia is similarly securing regime survival by leveraging, if not blackmailing,
its way through energy--as we recently saw in Georgia and Ukraine--by threatening Europe to the point of rendering it
ineffective and incapable of confronting Russia and, in the process, Iran.

Chinese influence in Brazil worries US

By Humphrey Hawksley
BBC Newsnight, Sao Paulo

Under the slogan of "peaceful rising", China is selling itself to the developing world as an alternative model for ending poverty.

China: an alternative model for ending poverty?
The pitch is now winning an audience in Latin America, and Washington is despatching the assistant secretary of state responsible for the region, Thomas Shannon, to Beijing to find out what is going on.

His aim is to negotiate the precise line which China must not cross in creating its new strategic alliance with Latin America, which has seen billions of dollars of Chinese money earmarked for infrastructure, transport, energy and defence projects there.

"We want to make sure we don't get our wires crossed," said one official arranging the talks.

The spectre of an encroaching China is made worse by a string of elections which has produced populist and US-sceptic, left-wing leaders. During the Cold War they would probably never have survived in office.

The latest may be retired army commander Ollanta Humala, who is leading the opinion polls in the Peruvian presidential election due on 9 April.

"We're concerned about the leftist countries that are dealing with China," says Congressman Dan Burton, the Republican chairman of the sub-committee on the Western Hemisphere.

"It's extremely important that we don't let a potential enemy of the US become a dominant force in this part of the world."


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