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PM Shigeru Yoshida was planning to deport Koreans from Japan to Korean peninsula


Shigeru Yoshida
Japanese prime minister from 1946 to 1947 and from 1948 to 1954.

  • Correspondence collection between Yoshida Shigeru and MacArthur Kodansha gakujutsubunko
  • Yoshida Shigeru = MacArthur correspondence collection

End of August 1949? from Yoshida to McARTHUR

Chapter 122 - My request is that all Korean residents in Japan should be deported.

[This correspondence seemed to be exchanged in the end of the August or in early September 1949]
(with Prime Minister's Official letterhead)
["The handwriting on the upper right corner of the letter] What do you think, Siebold? from 1590 Mac.

letter to General Douglas McARTHUR

Dear Mr. General,

One of our difficulties as post-war issue is about Taiwanese and Koreans in Japan. Those were once Japanese citizens and they live in Japan even now.
I'll touch the difficulty with Taiwanese later since Taiwanese are still relatively recessive and they are on their good behavior.

However we must take immediate action against Koreans, 1 million in total, half of them are illegal immigrants.
We demand deportation of all Korean residents. They should return to Korean peninsula.

The reasons are as following:
1. Our current and future food situation is still worse, we cannot afford to support all people in Japan. Through the courtesy of USA, we could import large amount of foods from USA. But as a result We feed Koreans too.
Those import will be a burden to us from generation to generation. Of course we've been firm in our resolve to discharge a liability. But it is unfair for us to take over Koreans debt too.

2. Most of the Koreans don't contribute to rebuild Japan.

3. To make matters worse, Koreans cause a high crime rate. They inveterately infringe the law. Large number of Koreans are communist or communist sympathizer, they easily cause malicious crime. Already more than 7000 Korean are jailed.
Number of court cases of criminal action by Koreans (from the end of the war to the present) is as bellow:

Year Cases related Koreans
1945 (8/15~) 5334 8355
1946 15579 22969
1947 32178 37778
1948 (end of May) 17968 22133
Total 71059 91235

We propose repatriation program for Koreans as below:
1. In principle, all Koreans should be extradited. The Japanese government incurs related cost.
2. Koreans who wish to live in Japan should apply for residence permit to the Japanese government. Residence permit can be given to those who are considered to be able to contribute to the reconstruction of the Japanese economy.

If you could approve my proposal, we would submit new proposal about the budget for deportation and concrete measures again.

with kind regards,
Shigeru Yoshida

modified 090513104246