海外紳士元ネタ解説 > 9話




Kübelwagen Type 82

The Volkswagen Kübelwagen (short for Kübelsitzwagen, meaning bucket-seat car)
was a military vehicle designed by Ferdinand Porsche and built by Volkswagen
during World War II for use by the German military (both Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS).
Based heavily on the Volkswagen Beetle, it was prototyped as the Type 62, but
eventually became known internally as the Type 32.
With its rolling chassis and mechanics built at KDF Stadt (now Wolfsburg) and its
body built by US owned firm Ambi Budd in Berlin, the Kübelwagen was for the
Germans what the jeep was for the Allies.

キューベルヴァーゲン 82型



Kdf→独語:Kraft durch Freude(喜びを通じて力を)、歓喜力行団(かんきりっこうだん)


"Thach Weave"

The Thach Weave was an aerial combat tactic developed by naval aviator John S.
Thach of the United States Navy early during World War ll.

Thach had heard, of the Japanese Mitsubishi Zero's extraordinary maneuverability
and climb rate. Before even experiencing it for himself, he began to devise tactics
meant to give the slower-turning American F4F fighters a chance in combat, he
eventually came up with what he called "Beam Defense Position", but what soon
became known as the "Thach Weave". It was executed either by two fighter aircraft
side-by-side or by two pairs of fighters flying together. When an enemy aircraft
chose one fighter as his target (the "bait" fighter: his wingman being the "hook"), the
two wingmen turned in towards each other. After crossing paths, and once their
separation was great enough, they would then repeat the exercise, again turning in
towards each other, bringing the enemy plane into the hook's sights. A correctly-
executed Thach Weave (assuming the bait was taken and followed) left little chance
of escape to even the most maneuverable opponent.

サッチ・ウィーヴ (サッチの機織り)

サッチ・ウィーヴとは空戦での戦技の名称。第二次世界大戦の初期、アメリカ合衆国海軍の海軍飛行士 ジョン・S・サッチが考案した。

サッチは、日本の三菱零式艦上戦闘機が非常に卓越した機動性と上昇率を誇る機体であるとの噂を耳にし、我が身をもってその長所を体験する以前から、旋回性に劣るアメリカ海軍のF4F戦闘機に空戦で勝機を与えるべく空戦技法の開発を始めていた。その戦法を作り上げたサッチは「ビーム・ディフェンス・ポジション」と命名したが、すぐに「サッチ・ウィーヴ」として広まっていった。この戦法は、2機の戦闘機が並んで、あるいはペアを組んだ2機の戦闘機によって行う。敵機が味方の1機を目標にした場合(狙われた戦闘機を「囮」機といい、図上では左上からの太線で動きが示された機; その僚機を「鎌(フック)」機といい、同じく右上から細線で示された機がこれにあたる)、それぞれ僚機がいる方向に向けて旋回する。航路が交差した後、いったんは互いに離れて十分に距離をとり、またこの機動を繰り返す。そして次に僚機のいる方向に旋回したら、敵機は「鎌」機の射線に入る。サッチ・ウィーヴが正しく実行されれば(敵機が囮機に食い付くことも含めて)、きわめて機動性の高い敵でさえ離脱する事は難しかった。


"at high altitude, it wouId've been a different story."
(Zero's excelent maneuverability at lower altitudes)

After Yoshika performs Mio's maneuver to beat Francesca and Charlotte. Francesca
makes a subtle reference to the A6M Zero's excellent maneuverability at lower




Mio's magic shield not working
(The A6M Zero's "little problem")

Designed for attack, the Zero gave precedence to maneuverability and firepower at
the expense of protection ---most had no self-sealing tanks or armor plate--- thus
many Zeros were lost too easily in combat along with their pilots. One shot in the
tanks and the Zero will burst into flames...





ヘルプ / FAQ もご覧ください。