海外紳士元ネタ解説2 > 1話


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Operation Trajanus failed.

Perhaps a reference to:
Marcus Ulpius Nerva Trajanus, commonly known as Trajan (18 September 53 - 8 August 117), was Roman Emperor from AD 98 to 117.
Born Marcus Ulpius Traianus into a non-patrician family in the Hispania Baetica province (modern day Spain), Trajan rose to prominence during the reign of emperor Domitian,
serving as a general in the Roman army along the German frontier, and successfully crushing the revolt of Antonius Saturninus in 89.
On September 18 96, Domitian was succeeded by Marcus Cocceius Nerva, an old and childless senator who proved to
be unpopular with the army. After a brief and tumultuous year in power, a revolt by members of the Praetorian Guard compelled him to adopt the more popular Trajan as his heir and successor. Nerva died on January 27 98, and
was succeeded by his adopted son without incident.
As a civilian administrator, Trajan is best known for his extensive public building program, which reshaped the city
of Rome and left multiple enduring landmarks such as Trajan's Forum, Trajan's Market an Trajan's Column. It is for
his military compaigns, such as those against Dacia and Parthia which he is best known. By these,
Trajan expanded the Roman Empire to its greatest territorial extent. In late 117 while sailing back to Rome,
he died of a stroke in the city of Selinus. He was defied by the Senate and his ashes were laid to rest under Trajan's Column.
He was succeeded by his adopted son (not having a biogical heir) Publius Aelius Hadrianus - commonly known as hadrian.

マルクス・ウルピウス・ネルウァ・トラヤヌス(53年9月18日 - 117年8月8日)は、第13代ローマ皇帝(在位98年 - 117年)トラヤヌスとして一般にも知られている。


Junkers Ju 52

The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju - “Auntie Ju" and "Iron Annie") was a German transport aircraft manufactured from 1932 to 1945.
It saw both civilian and militaiy service during the 1930s and 1940s.
In a civilian role, it flew with over 12 air carriers including Swissair and Lufthansa as an airliner and freight hauler.
In a military role, it flew with the Luftwaffe as a troop and cargo transport and briefly as a medium bomber.
The Ju 52 continued in postwar service with military and civilian air fleets well into the 1980s.

ユンカース Ju 52
Junkers Ju 52(通称Ju[ユー]おばさん、または鉄のアニー)は、1932年から1945年にかけてJunkers(ユンカース)によって生産された輸送/爆撃機。
Ju 52は1930~1940年代に軍用にも民生用にも見られた。民生用としては、スイス航空やルフトハンザを含む多数の航空会社によって旅客機や貨物機として運行された。

(アニメ1期の第6話にもJu 52が登場しており、海外紳士元ネタ解説(1期)でも取り上げられています。)

Macchi C.205

The Macchi C.205 (also known as MC.205, "MC" standing for "Macchi Castoldi") Veltro (Italian: Greyhound) was an
Italian World War II fighter aircraft built by the Aeronautica Macchi. Along with the Reggiane Re.2005 and Fiat G.55.
The Macchi C.205 was ine of the three "Serie 5" Italian fighters built around the powerful Daimler-Benz DB 605 engine.
The C.205 was a development of the earlier C.202 Folgore. vwth a top speed of some 400 mph and
equipped with a pair of 20 mm cannons as well as 12.7 mm Breda machine guns, the Macchi C.205 Vltro was
highly respected by Allied and Luftwaffe pilots alike. Regarded as the best Italian aircraft of World War ll, in
action it proved to be extremely effective, destroying a large number if Allied bombers and capable of succesfully
taking on equal terms with such fighters as North American P-51D Mustang, a Capability which
encouraged the Luftwaffe to use a number of these aircraft to equip one Gruppe.
But, although the C.205 was able to match the best Allied opponents in speed and maneuverability, it was
introduced late in the conflict. Moreover, due to poor industrial capability, only a small production run was
delivered before the end of the war. Like the Spittire, the Veltro was tricky (in its construction), and thus slow, to build. Italy's highest scoring ace, Adriano Visconti, achieved 11 of his 26 credited victories in the few weeks he was able to fly In the Veltro, with the top scoring 205 Sergente Maggiore pilota Luigi Gorrini shooting down 14
enemy aircraft plus six damaged with the C.205

マッキC.205(もしくはMC.205、MCはマッキ-カストルディ(Macchi-Castoldi)の略) ヴェルトロ(グレイハウンド犬) はアレーニア・アエロマッキによって製造された第二次世界大戦時のイタリアの戦闘機。
レジアーネRe.2005やフィアットG.55と並び「Serie5」(シリーズ5)と呼ばれるダイムラー・ベンツDB 605エンジンを搭載したイタリア製戦闘機の一機。


Macchi C.202

The Macchi C.202 Folgore (ltalian "thunderbolt") was a World War ll fighter aircralt built by Macchi Aeronautica and operated by the Regia Aeronautica (RA; Royal (Italian) Air Force).
Macchi aircraft designed by Mario Castoldi received the "C" letter in their model designation, hence the Folgore is reffered to as the MC.202.
The C.202 was a development of the earlier C.200 Saetta, with a more powerful German Daimler-Benz DB 601 engine and with an extremely streamlined fuselage.
Undoubtedly the best wartime fighter to serve in large numbers with the Regia Aeronautica, the Folgore operated on all fronts.
It was flown by almost all the most successful ltalian aces: Adriano Visconti, Luigi Gorrini, Franco Lucchini, Franco Bordoni Bisleri, Furio Niclot Doglio, and top scorer Sergente Maggiore Teresio Vittorio Martinoli.
Considered one of the most beautiful fighters to fly with wartime Axis forces, the Folgore was also an effective and deadly dogfighter.
The Folgore went into service with the Regia Aeronautica in July 1941 and right away it proved to be among the finest fighters of the war, with outstanding speed and excellent manoeuvrability.
Nonetheless, the C.202 had its defects: like its predecessor, the Macchi C.200, it could fall in dangerous autorotation.
It was insufficiently armed, with two machine guns that easily jammed.
The radios were unreliable forcing the pilots to communicate by waggling wings.
The oxygen system was so inefficient causing up to 50-60 per cent of the pilots to break the missions off, sometimes even causing fatal accidents.
(version 2 でMacci C.205から差し替えられました。)

マッキC.202フォルゴーレ(イタリア語で「稲妻」)は、アエロナウティカ・マッキ*1によって製造された第二次世界大戦期の戦闘機で、イタリア王立空軍(RA; Royal (Italian) Air Force)によって運用された。
マリオ・カストルディ*2によって設計されたマッキの航空機には、そのモデルの呼称として、Cの文字が冠された。このことから、フォルゴーレは MC.202のように呼ばれる。
フォルゴーレは1941年7月、イタリア王立空軍に引渡しが始まって任務につくと すぐに、そのずば抜けた速度と卓越した機動性で、第二次世界大戦期の戦闘機の中でも最もすばらしいことが判明した。

(訳注: マッキC.202の説明は、こちら(Wikipedia(jp))から。アレーニア・アエルマッキ社の説明は こちらから。)

Wow! That's the Battleship Yamato.

Yamato (大和), named after the ancient Japanese Yamato Province, was the lead ship of the Yamato class of battleships that served with the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
She and her sister ship, Musashi, were the largest, heaviest and most powerfully armed battleships ever constructed, displaclng 72,800 tonnes at full load and armed with nine 46cm (18.1 inch) main guns. Neither survived the war.


(訳注: 艦名の由来となった大和国(やまとのくに)は、現在の奈良県にあたる。戦艦大和は大日本帝國の象徴のように言われているが、日本という国号のことを『大和』というわけではない。ちなみに現実の日本海軍には戦艦大和とは別に、「扶桑」という艦名を持つ戦艦扶桑型戦艦の一番艦)、二等海防艦がそれぞれ存在した。)

Yes. Its magic engine output is higher than the previous Zero model.

The Kawanishi N1 K Kyōfū (強風 "moderate gale", Allied codename "Rex") was an Imperial Japanese Navy floatplane fighter.
The Kawanishi Shiden (紫電 "Violet Lightning") was an Imperial Japanese Navy land-based version of the N1K. Assigned the Allied codename "George", the N1K-J was considered by both its pilots and opponents to be one of the finest land-based fighters flown by the Japanese during World War II.
The N1K possessed a heavy armament and, unusually for a Japanese fighter, could absorb considerable battle damage.
The N1K-J evenly matched the F6F Hellcat and was a better match than the A6M Zero for such aircraft as the F4U Corsair and P-51 Mustang.
Despite such capability, it was produced too late and in insufficient numbers to affect the outcome of the war.


(訳注: 元になっている文章は、英語版Wikipedia・川西N1K強風です。訳文中の訳注で数字の脱落が指摘されているが、元となっているWikipediaの文章からして数字が脱落している。
日本語版Wikipediaの強風(N1K1)および紫電改(N1K2-J)も参照してください。なお強風の主任設計技師・菊原静男 氏は、二式飛行艇も手がけた。)

Kawanishi H8K

The Kawanishi H8K (二式大型飛行艇, Type2 Large Flying Boat, 二式大艇, Nishiki Daitei, Nishiki Taitei)
was an Imperial Japanese Navy Flying boat used during World War II for Maritime patrol duties.
The Allued reporting name for the type was "Emily".


(訳注: この解説の元になっているのは、Wikipedia(en)です。日本語版Wikipediaの説明はこちらです。

Radio Set SCR-300

A portable radio tranciever used by the US Army Signal Corps, consisting of an 18-vacuum tube, quartz crystal controlled portable FM receiver and transmitter.
Developed by the Galvin Manufacturing Company (Motorola).
Introduced in 1943. Insrumental in reestablishing order during the Battle of the Bulge.
This backpack-mounted unit was the first two way radio to be nicknamed a "walkie talkie"

Radio Set SCR-300


Rome, Ponte Sant'Angelo

Ponte Sant'Angelo appears to be the influence for the large base seen briefly on the OP and ED.


(訳注: Ponte Sant'Angeloの詳しい説明はこちら(Wikipdia(en))。ただし、基地の建物自体はサンタンジェロ城(Wikipedia(jp))で調べると、それらしい画像を見つけることができる。)

Venice, Bell Tower and Doge's Palace


(訳注: ベニスを代表する有名な観光スポット。鐘楼(サンマルコ広場)(Wikipedia(jp)、ドゥカーレ宮殿(Wikipedia(jp))も参照するとよい。)

最終更新:2010年08月30日 21:04


ヘルプ / FAQ もご覧ください。

*1 現在のアレーニア・アエルマッキ社が1920年代に称していた社名。

*2 1888年2月26日生-1968年3月31日歿

*3 もちろん我らがフランチェスカ嬢の元ネタの人なのは言うまでもない。

*4 フェデリカ・N・ドッリオとしてロマーニャ空軍ウィッチとなり、第504統合戦闘航空団に所属。

*5 プロペラの回転方向に生じるトルクモーメンによるものとされる。